- work [wʉrk]n.[ME werk < OE weorc, akin to Ger werk < IE base * werĝ-, to do, act > Gr ergon (for * wergon), action, work, organon, tool, instrument]1. physical or mental effort exerted to do or make something; purposeful activity; labor; toil2. employment at a job or in a position3. occupation, profession, business, trade, craft, etc.4.a) something one is making, doing, or acting upon, esp. as part of one's occupation or duty; task; undertaking [to bring work home from the office]b) the amount of this [a day's work]5. something that has been made or done; result of a specific kind of activity or way of working [to have dental work done, skillful brushwork]; specif.,a) an act; deed usually used in pl. [a person of good works]b) [pl.] collected writings [the works of Poe]c) [pl.] engineering structures, as bridges, dams, docks, etc.d) a fortificatione) needlework; embroideryf) WORK OF ART6. material that is being or is to be processed, as in a machine tool, in some state of manufacture7. [pl., with sing. v.] a place where work is done, as a factory, public utility plant, etc.: often in combination [steelworks, gasworks]8. manner, style, quality, rate, etc. of working; workmanship9. foam due to fermentation, as in cider10. the action of, or effect produced by, natural forces11. Mech. the product of force and the amount of displacement in the direction of that force: it is the means by which energy is transferred from one object or system to another: abbrev. W12. [pl.] Theol. acts done in compliance with religious laws or duties or aimed at fulfilling religious idealsadj.of, for, or used in workvi.worked, working [OE wyrcan, wercan]1. to exert oneself in order to do or make something; do work; labor; toil2. to be employed3.a) to perform its required or expected function; operate or act as specifiedb) to operate effectively; be effectual [a makeshift arrangement that works]4. to undergo fermentation5. to produce results or exert an influence [let it work in their minds]6. to be manipulated, kneaded, etc. [putty that works easily]7. to move, proceed, etc. slowly and with or as with difficulty8. to move, twitch, etc. as from agitation [his face worked with emotion]9. to change into a specified condition, as by repeated movement [the door worked loose]10. Naut. to strain, as in a storm, so that the fastenings become slack: said of a shipvt.1. to cause; bring about; effect [an idea that worked harm]2. to mold; shape; form [to work silver]3. to sew, embroider, etc. [to work a sampler]4. to solve (a mathematical problem, puzzle, etc.)5. to draw, paint, carve, etc. (a portrait or likeness)6. to manipulate; knead [to work dough]7. to bring into a specified condition, as by movement back and forth [to work a nail loose]8. to cultivate (soil)9. to cause to function; operate; manage; use [to work a pump]10. to cause fermentation in11. to cause to work [to work a crew hard]12. to influence; persuade [to work someone around to one's way of thinking]13. to make (one's way, passage, etc.) by work or effort14. to provoke; rouse; excite [to work oneself into a rage]15. to carry on activity in, along, etc.; cover [a salesman working his territory]16. Informal to make use of, esp. by artful contriving [to work one's connections ]☆ 17. Informal to use one's influence, charm, etc. on (a person) to gain some profit or advantage☆ 18. Slang to move through (a crowd or room) greeting people, shaking hands, etc.: said esp. of a politician——————at work1. working or engaged in work2. operating [unseen forces were at work on the economy]——————☆ get the worksSlang to be the victim of extreme measures——————☆ give someone the works Slang1. to murder someone2. to subject someone to an ordeal, either maliciously or jokingly——————in the worksInformal in the process of being planned or donemake short ( or quick) work of——————make short work of or make quick work ofto deal with or dispose of quickly——————out of workwithout a job; unemployed——————☆ shoot the works Slang1. to risk everything on one chance or play2. to make a supreme effort or attempt——————the works1. the working parts or mechanism (of a watch, clock, etc.)☆ 2. Informala) all possible accessories, extras, etc.b) everything that can be included: usually the whole works——————work in1. to introduce or insert2. to be introduced or inserted——————work off1. to get rid of or dissipate, as by exertion☆ 2. to pay (a debt or obligation) by work rather than with moneywork on ( or upon)——————work on or work upon1. to influence2. to try to persuade——————work out1. to make its way out, as from being embedded2. to exhaust (a mine, etc.)3. WORK OFF (sense 2)4. to bring about by work; accomplish5. to solve6. to calculate7. to result in some way [things did not work out as planned]8. to add up to a total (at a specified amount)9. to develop; elaborate10. to put into practice11. to engage in a training session or program for physical fitness or athletic skill——————work over1. to work or do again☆ 2. Informal to subject to harsh or cruel treatment, as by beating, torture, etc.——————work up☆ 1. to make one's (or its) way up; advance; rise2. to manipulate, mix, etc. into a specified object or shape3. to develop; elaborate4. to acquire knowledge of or skill at5. to arouse; excite6. Slang to bring about or cause (a sweat) by vigorous activity
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.